Sigmatic plurals in Romance varieties spoken in Italy and their interaction with -i plurals

Leonardo M. Savoia, Benedetta Baldi, M. Rita Manzini

University of Florence, Italy

Abstract

In Sardinian, Friulian, Rhaeto-Romance, Occitan (not considered in this work) and Franco-Provençal varieties spoken in peripheral Italian areas, the -i inflection is not totally eradicated but interacts with plural -s. The coexistence of -s and -i reflects syntactic constraints. Specifically, -i is in complementary distribution with -s or it combines with –s, giving rise to a duplicated lexicalization of plurality. In any event, it is specialized for a subset of the morpho-syntactic contexts. The distribution of -i generally involves the D domain, i.e. determiners and clitics. In some cases, -i is limited to the D elements. Different agreement systems on D and on N emerge, recalling partial or asymmetric agreement phenomena known in literature. Moreover, in the relevant varieties (-)i is in turn the inflection of the dative clitic; this suggests that (-)i is endowed with a slightly different content from plural -s, that, on the contrary, shows no connection with dative.

Keywords
morphology, plural, dative, agreement asymmetries, Romance variation

Suggested citation

Savoia, Leonardo M., Benedetta Baldi and M. Rita Manzini. 2018. Sigmatic plurals in Romance varieties spoken in Italy and their interaction with -i plurals. Linguistics Beyond and Within 4: 141-160. Online at: https://lingbaw.com/2018/Leonardo-M.-Savoia,Benedetta-Baldi,M.-Rita-Manzini.


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